In the last two years we faced with the fact that the majority of tunnel projects were slowing down. However, it is our pleasure to see that they have being come to life again. Turkey can't do it without tunnels. In big cities increased traffic problems forced unfinished metro projects to start again. In the cities like Izmir, Konya and Mersin new tenders for new projects have been warmed up. The design project of the three-storey tunnel in Istanbul has been completed and according to relevant government authorities a new tender will be opened soon. It is likely that technical difficulties, which might be encountered during the construction of this project, will bring together many suppliers and technical people.
For the sake of making people more comfortable and freshen the economic activities we must realize the easy and quick moving of people and the goods they produced. The construction of road and rail tunnels are inevitable due to a lot of mountains existing in Turkey. New irrigation, water transport and energy tunnels are a necessity for Turkey's coming days. Many of these tunnels are scheduled to be built within a few years’ time, with a length of more than 300 km. Several civil and government authorities will be invited to the symposium which will allow you to discuss the coming new projects in detail and to prepare yourself for your future professional activities.
Turkey is located in seismic belt. It's full of active and inactive faults. You will listen from the most competent invited speakers the effect of earthquakes on the existing tunnels, seismic design criteria of tunnels, the problems encountered on tunnels being constructed nearby to active and inactive faults. Tunnel safety, tunnel fires, new developments in tunneling, problems encountered in difficult conditions, storm tunnels, solutions and examples from current projects will be also among the topics to be discussed in this symposium.